Thursday, July 4, 2013

Revisiting the Cincinnati Enquirer vs. Chiquita

NACLA.org
July 4, 2013

1882Given the ongoing debate surrounding Edward Snowden and Bradley Manning—and whether or not they committed a crime or acted in the public good—it is fitting to revisit a case that showed how the “illegitimate” gathering of evidence was considered a more serious crime than that of engaging in widespread murder, bribery, arms trafficking, and knowingly poisoning the environment of communities throughout Latin America. It is the story of the Cincinnati Enquirer vs. Chiquita Banana.

In 1998, Mike Gallagher and Cameron McWhirter, two investigative reporters from the Cincinnati Enquirer, published an 18-page expose which revealed that Chiquita banana (headquartered in Cincinnati) was engaged in wide ranging human rights abuses and environmental crimes. The journalists had worked with Chiquita lawyer George Ventura, who provided access to Chiquita’s internal voicemail system. They were able to obtain confidential information about Chiquita’s role in widespread criminal activity by monitoring internal communications.


Shortly after the publication of the story, the Cincinnati Enquirer had to issue both a retraction and apologize not for the acts being untrue—but for the way in which Gallagher and McWhirter gained their information. In addition to the apology and retraction, the Cincinnati Enquirer was forced to pay Chiquita a settlement of over $10 million for damages. Both Gallagher and Ventura were convicted of stealing Chiquita’s internal voicemails—with Gallagher being immediately fired from the paper. The ruling was a clear statement that investigations of corporate wrongdoing was subject to severe punishment and should be discouraged by the example set by the Cincinnati Enquirer. While the articles were retracted, they are still available here on the WikiLeaks website.

Clearly with the case of Chiquita, it did not learn its lesson—as the damaging reports from 1998 did nothing to stop it from admitting to paying Colombian right wing death squads in 2003. Represented by current Attorney General Eric Holder, Chiquita claimed that they were being extorted by the groups and had to pay the money in order to protect their workers. Mario Iguaran, the Attorney General of Colombia claimed otherwise, bluntly stating that "this was not payment of extortion money. It was support for an illegal armed group whose methods included murder."

Simply, the attempt by the court system to erase any wrongdoing from Chiquita’s record allowed it to continue with the status quo and terrorize communities throughout Latin America. According to Iguaran, Chiquita's payments to the AUC paramilitaries (an organization listed as a terrorist organization by the U.S. State Department) led to the murder of 4,000 civilians in the banana growing regions of Colombia and funded the growth of paramilitary organizations throughout the country. Additionally, court documents have shown that a shipment of 3,000 AK-47 assault rifles and 5 million rounds of ammunition from Nicaragua to Colombia in 2001 was invoiced to Chiquita.

This shows the double standard that exists between the people on one side and corporations and the government on the other. In the Snowden controversy, the Obama administration has defended the actions of the National Security Agency by stating that their monitoring of the civilian population allowed them to prevent terrorist attacks—thus Snowden is a criminal and the government was seeking to protect the public. In the case of Chiquita, Gallagher, McWhirter, and Ventura exposed the criminal activities of a multinational corporation with close ties to the United States and Colombian governments in addition to terrorist organizations—yet they were the ones who were punished. It was only five years later in 2003 that Chiquita was forced to pay a $25 million fine for their criminal activities throughout Latin America—with none of the money going to the affected communities.

Despite the U.S. Justice Department stating that Chiquita's payments to the paramilitaries ''were reviewed and approved by senior executives of the corporation, to include high-ranking officers, directors and employees,'' they did not list specific names to avoid wider measures of accountability. What the Cincinnati Enquirer revealed about Chiquita Banana was the stranglehold that corporations have over the legal system and the double standard regarding the application of justice. The courts deemed that the crime committed by Gallagher, McWhirter, and Ventura was more serious than the multitude of crimes committed by Chiquita.
In the end, the issue of whistleblowing and the government's response is dictated by unequal relationships of power. Actions which challenge the status quo and shed light of matters regarded as inconvenient by governments and multinational corporations will be portrayed as illegal or unethical, while those which seek to further cement the legitimacy of everyday criminal activity by the powerful is applauded. Eventually, in July of 2012, Gallagher had his record expunged by the courts, but not after having his career destroyed and his courageous work silenced.

One glimmer of hope regarding Chiquita being held accountable for its criminal activities is the ongoing lawsuit in a Florida court brought about by thousands of Colombians, who are the relatives of victims, in seeking to hold the company accountable for murder, torture, and environmental destruction. Villagers allege that the death squads used “random and targeted violence in exchange for financial assistance and access to Chiquita’s private port for arms and drug smuggling.” Furthermore, over 5,500 pages of documents contradicting Chiquita’s claim that it was extorted by Colombian paramilitaries have been released and are available online here. Chiquita’s continued involvement in criminal activity highlights how large and influential corporations feel as if they are above the law. Openly lying to the court and paying a relatively small fee in proportion to the damage they have caused across Latin America is not evidence of justice—it is blatant evidence of corruption which go up to the highest levels of government.

49 comments:

  1. I am Obat Bius was pleasantly pleased to see this blog post and it is remarkable and amazing at all, Greetings and thank you for share very article we wait

    ReplyDelete
  2. After taking to read this article. we can reap the benefits of the content of this article. and certainly can add to my knowledge . obat bius cair

    ReplyDelete
  3. after reading the article about cincinnati cnquirer vs chiquita can add knowledge . vimax , obat sipilis

    ReplyDelete
  4. thanks for posting and sharing information through this very useful . jual obat aborsi , obat penggugur kandungan

    ReplyDelete
  5. for beginners like me need a lot of reading and searching for information on various blogs. and articles that you share a very nice and inspires me . cara menggugurkan kandungan , jual obat aborsi

    ReplyDelete
  6. Mate this is a very nice Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan blog here. I wanted to comment & say that I enjoyed reading your posts & they are all very well written out. You make blogging look easy lol I’ll attemp to start a blog later today and I hope it’s half as good as your blog! Much success to you!

    ReplyDelete
  7. Obat aborsi mungkin menjadi pilihan semua wanita yang ingin mengakhiri kehamilanya demi terjagaya masa depan, Namun sebelum anda benar-benar yakin untuk menggunakanya. para pasien sering mengajukan pertanyaan tentang Obat Penggugur Kandungan sebelum anda menggunakanya.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Kini anda telah mengerti pentingnya Misoprostol dan Mifepristone dalam obat aborsi. Oleh karena itu, jangan sampai salah dalam memilih penyedia obat penggugur kandungan 1 bulan.

    Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan | Obat Telat Bulan | Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan 1 Bulan

    ReplyDelete
  9. Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan
    Sendiri Sampai Dengan Usia Kehamilan Minggu Ke-12 Dengan Meminum Obat Aborsi
    Misoprostol Pfyzer 200mg, ( Juga Di Kenal Dengan Pil Abortus Peluntur Janin / Cytotec. Cara Aborsi Sendiri Telah Memberi Tingkat Keberhasilan Lebih Dari 98%.

    ReplyDelete
  10. We Sure That Your Smart People So Far As You Have Been Reading Of Sales Site Obat Viagra Asli And you definitely Can Distinguish Between Site That Sells Products Genuine And Fake Viagra .

    ReplyDelete
  11. Kami Memberikan solusi bagi para wanita yang ingin mengakhiri kehamilanya, Hanya Kami Penjual Obat Aborsi Aman Dan terpercaya. Temukan Solusi Tips Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan. Klik Disini

    ReplyDelete
  12. I was reading your blog. This is really informative blog,
    Here are many new things for enhancing my knowledge,
    Please keep me more update from your blog,
    Because I really liked it.
    pemutih badan

    ReplyDelete
  13. Kami jual Obat Aborsi untuk mennggugurkan kehamilan atau proses aborsi untuk usia kandungan 1 – 5 bulan.

    ReplyDelete
  14. Kini anda telah mengerti pentingnya Misoprostol dan Mifepristone dalam Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan. Oleh karena itu, jangan sampai salah dalam memilih penyedia Obat Telat Bulan.

    ReplyDelete
  15. memanfaatkan ramuan Tradisional Obat Aborsi sebagai Obat Aborsi Ampuh dengan buah nanas muda Sudah di percaya para ilmuan medis sebagai obat aborsi murah.. # artikel yang sangat mantap dan bermanfaat

    ReplyDelete
  16. Thank you very much! Your blog is always full of great idea. They are really helpful

    Jual Cytotec Misoprostol

    ReplyDelete
  17. Nice post and keep always update, i like your blog obat aborsi, cara menggugurkan kandungan

    ReplyDelete
  18. http://pilpelunturkandungan.com/

    http://www.scoop.it/t/cara-menggugurkan-kandungan-dengan-obat-cytotec

    http://jossy.wagomu.id/

    http://klinikpenggugurkandungan.portfolik.com/

    https://slides.com/mahadewa

    http://worldwater.thefanbase.net/

    http://klinikaborsi.hatenablog.com/

    http://klinikaborsi.over-blog.com/2016/07/cara-menggugurkan-kandungan-1-bulan.html

    http://caraaborsi.snack.ws/

    http://mentruasi.edublogs.org/

    http://hamilmuda-blog.logdown.com/

    http://steven.blogolink.com/

    https://web.facebook.com/Cytotecobatpelunturkandungan/

    ReplyDelete
  19. Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan Dengan Cytotec Lebih ampuh apabila di bandingkan dengan cara aborsi alami, jamu aborsi, minuman pengguur kandungan, jamu penggugur kandungan, obat aborsi herbal dan pil aborsi lainnya kami penjual Obat Cytotec, sebenarnya banyak apotik yang menjual obat cytotec, tetapi tidak semuanya menjual bebas atau biasanya harus pake resep dokter.

    ReplyDelete
  20. Obat Aborsi cytotec dari kami banyak digunakan oleh kalangan Remaja untuk Cara Menggugurkan Kandungan
    yang baru hamil karena belum mempunyai ikatan pernikahan atau belum siap untuk memiliki momongan karena Karir.

    ReplyDelete
  21. By reading this article I get a lot of lessons and this is very useful . cara menggugurkan kandungan

    ReplyDelete
  22. By taking the time to read a lot of information like this to add my insight . cara menggugurkan hamil

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hello ^^
    The season when the car winds are back.
    Are you all working hard to prepare for your visit to Korea? Beware of colds and beware of corona
    I came in to see your site and I liked a lot of useful and good content!
    I also run a site, so will you come and see it?
    I think I would be very grateful for your feedback. Bye^^
    My site address: 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  24. This is very useful, although it will be important to help simply click that web page link: 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  25. Interesting and amazing how your post is! It Is Useful and helpful for me That I like it very much, and I am looking forward to Hearing from your next.. 먹튀검증사이트

    ReplyDelete
  26. Really satisfied with all the information I have found in this article. It gives immense knowledge on physical education, it is very helpful and quite generous to spread a good message. The author has done a brilliant job on summing all the points here. You just made a new fan with your writing skills. Cheers! 메이저놀이터

    ReplyDelete
  27. Thanks again for the blog.Really looking forward to read more. Really Great 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  28. I found your documents very interesting. You have a amazing skills of writing a brief content. Thanks for talking about this, it is really a useful for me. I am going to preserve this. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  29. I invite you to the page where you can read with interesting information on similar topics. 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  30. I read this article. I think You put a lot of effort to create this article. I appreciate your work. seo tijuana

    ReplyDelete
  31. I wear t have room schedule-wise right now to completely read your site yet I have bookmarked it and furthermore include your RSS channels. I will return in a day or two. much obliged for an extraordinary site 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  32. 나는 사이트가 매우 유용하다는 것을 알았고이 설문 조사는 매우 흥미 롭습니다. 저는이 행동에 대한 설문 조사를 요구하는 블로그를 본 적이 없습니다. 매우 궁금합니다 ... 토토사이트

    ReplyDelete
  33. 사람들이 필요한 정보를 얻을 수 있도록 도와 주셔서 감사합니다. 평소처럼 좋은 물건. 앞으로도 힘써주세요 먹튀검증

    ReplyDelete
  34. "After reading your article I was amazed. I know that you explain it very well. And I hope that other readers will also experience how I feel after reading your article.

    " 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  35. Thanks for the tips guys. They were all great. I have been having issues with being fat both mentally and physically. Thanks to you guys i have been showing improvements. Do post more. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  36. I just couldn't leave your website before telling you that I truly enjoyed the top quality info you present to your visitors? Will be back again frequently to check up on new posts. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  37. I am hoping the same best effort from you in the future as well. In fact your creative writing skills has inspired me. 먹튀폴리스

    ReplyDelete
  38. 저희는 2011년 설립 되었으며 우리카지노 계열과 온라인 카지노업게에서 동거동락한지도 어언10여년이 되어갑니다. 그동안의 일들을 생각하면 아주많은 일들이 주마등처럼 지나갑니다. 우리카지노24는 고객과의 신뢰를 최우선으로 생각해왔으며 "고객의 손실은 곧 우리의 손실" 이라는 마음으로 항상 고객곁에서 희노애락을 같이해왔습니다. 수많은 카지노 에이전시들이 난립하는 순간이지만 저희는 걸어왔던 길보다 더긴길을 고객 여러분과 합께할것을 약속드리며 오늘도 고객님들이 승리할수있도록 최선을다해 정진하겄습니다. 앞으로도 100%검증된 업체만 소개할것을 약속드리며 소개의 글을 마칩니다. 우리카지노24 직원일동.
    샌즈카지노

    ReplyDelete

  39. Your article has proven useful to me. It’s very informative and you are obviously very knowledgeable in this area. You have opened my eyes to varying views on this topic with interesting and solid content. 야설

    ReplyDelete
  40. Efficiently written information. It will be profitable to anybody who utilizes it, counting me. Keep up the good work. For certain I will review out more posts day in and day out. 일본야동

    ReplyDelete
  41. Impressive!Thanks for giving me an idea to my site. Ill be following your works from now on. Hoping for your success 국산야동

    ReplyDelete
  42. Everyone loves what you guys are up too. This type of clever work and coverage! Keep up the great works guys I’ve incorporated you guys to my own blogroll 한국야동

    ReplyDelete

  43. I admire what you have done here. I like the part where you say you are doing this to give back but I would assume by all the comments that this is working for you as well.
    중국야동넷

    ReplyDelete